Bactrian & Dromedary Camel
Scientific Name: Camelus bactrianus & Camelus dromedarius
Other Names: Arabian Camel.
Habitat and Range: Deserts and scrub-lands from Northern Africa to western India. A small population of Bactrian camels are found in the Gobi Desert in Mongolia.
Captive Lifespan: Around 50 years.
Gestation: 15 months.
Diet: Herbivore- vegetation mostly bushes and shrubs which consist of 70% of their diet. They are capable of drinking 30 gallons of water in 10 minutes. They require 6-8 times more salt than other animals to aid in water absorption.
Adaptations: They have long eyelashes and flared nostrils that can plug themselves to keep out sand.
IUCN Status: Not listed.
Special Interest: They can fluctuate their body temperature from 93 F-107 F to prevent from sweating.
Did you Know: Their hump is actually a fat reserve and not water.
Here at the CMC Zoo: "Marty," is our dromedary camel. Dromedarys have only one hump! "Walter," is our Bactrian camel. Bactrians have two humps! Marty is a juvenile male dromedary camel that came from New York on January 4th, 2016. Walter was born April 1, 2017 and joined Marty shortly after.