Wellhead Protection

Wellhead Protection Plan
The Cape May County Health Department became actively involved in the County Well Head Protection Plan (WHPP) in 1992, beginning with a massive mail out of public education packets to residents living within designated Wellhead Protection Areas (WHPAs). The packets contained pamphlets that included information on:
  • Proper care and maintenance of septic systems and cesspools
  • Underground storage tanks
  • Use of hydrology in Cape May County
In addition, a homeowner survey was also included with a pre-stamped, return-addressed envelope requesting information about:
  • Fertilizer
  • Pesticide application
  • Septic systems
  • Underground storage tanks
  • Well depth
Water Sampling
In addition to providing public education packets, the department took the WHPP to a higher level by initiating the collection and analysis of potable water samples in each of the 27 WHPAs within 4 mainland municipalities. The 4 municipalities contained a total of 9,736 domestic wells; of those wells approximately 36% were within delineated WHPAs. From 1992 to present time, department personnel have collected and analyzed hundreds of domestic well samples at no direct charge to the public.

Organic Contamination
Findings from sampling have uncovered volatile organic contamination in areas of:
  • Beesley's Point
  • Cape May Court House
  • Marmora
  • Tuckahoe
  • Villas
These areas have received city water, or in some cases, treatment systems to correct the problem.